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Based on the Duality of Time hypothesis, a dynamic, granular and self-contained space-time is introduced and investigated. A new time-time or complex-time Euclidean space is defined and it is shown that the non-Euclidean Minkowski space is the first global approximation of this complex-time space in which the space-time interval becomes invariant between different inertial and non-inertial frames alike. Therefore, in addition to Lorentz factor, the equivalence principle is derived directly from the resulting discrete symmetry. To support this hypothesis, it will be applied to derive the mass-energy equivalence relation directly from fundamental classical principles. It will be also shown that the resulting dynamic quintessence could diminish the cosmological constant discrepancy by 117 orders of magnitude.

keywords

speed of light invariance; arrow of time; complex time; quantum gravity; equivalence principle; cosmological constant problem

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Metaphysical Creation - from the COSMIC HEART:

Figure 1.1: An illustration of the Sufi concept of abolishment originally depicted in “The Sufi Interpretation of Joseph Story”, but this can at the same time beautifully demonstrate the concept of metaphysical creation of space by the single monad. The abstract point is the Single Monad which is continuously inflating and deflating to create and re-create all matter and space.

"There is no doubt that the forms become nonexistent in the second instance-of-time after the instance of their coming into existence. Therefore, the Real is continuously watching over the world of bodies and substances, such that whenever a form through which they manifest becomes nonexistent, He creates at that same instance another form, alike or opposite to it, which is what preserves it from vanishing out of existence. The Real is continuously creating the world at every instance of time, and the world is continuously in need of Him." Ibn al-Arabi - The Meccan Revelations

 

 

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The Mass-Energy Equivalence:

DOI: 10.20944/preprints201708.0050.v1

(Deduction of Einstein's Mass-Energy equivalence from first classical mechanics, and based on the Re-creation principle. Apart from the overwhelming experimental confirmation, neither Einstein, nor anyone else, had ever been able to construct a comprehensive prove for this famous relation from first fundamental principles ["How Einstein confirmed E0=mc2", American Journal of Physics, 79 (6): 591–600, Bibcode:2011AmJPh..79..591H, doi:10.1119/1.3549223]. With the re-creation principle everything is instantly popping into existence from zero speed into the speed of light, and collapsing again. Normal limited speeds that are much below the speed of light are explained in another section.)

Based on the new concept of re-creation, Einstein’s mass-energy equivalence relation is deduced directly from fundamental classical principles.

In normal classical mechanics, the kinetic energy is the work done in accelerating a particle during the infinitesimal time interval , and it is given by the dot product of force  and displacement :

 (1)
Now since the momentum: , and if we can assume mass is constant, so that: , we will get:

 (2)
So in the classical view of apparently continuous existence, when we consider a continuous smooth change in speed from zero to , the result of this integration will give us the standard equation of kinetic energy:

 (3)
This equation can be applied safely on macroscopic objects, in normal conditions, although in reality this incorporates some approximation, because we considered the change in speed to be infinitesimal, which is not correct in extreme conditions.

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The  Cosmic Computer: digital manipulation of matter, space and time

This article is published on FQXI: http://fqxi.org/community/forum/topic/2724

Direct link for PDF: http://fqxi.org/community/forum/topic/essay-download/2724/__details/Haj_Yousef_cosmic_computer.pdf

ABSTRACT: Relativity is mainly based on the principle of the constancy and invariance of the speed of light. Although this has been proved experimentally, there is yet no philosophical explanation why this speed can never be surpassed. This article introduces the concept of the duality of time, based on the Re-creation Principle of the Single Monad Model that was first introduced in 2005. This model reduces “matter” and “space” into “time” by explaining how the physical multiplicity is perpetually being constructed by a metaphysical monad which is spreading chronologically over the inner dimensions of space, and then extending over the outer dimension of time to create the dynamic universe. This innovative concept, which has an intrinsic arrow of time, will solve the problem of entropy and explain causality and nonlocality and why the speed of light is the maximum cosmological speed limit. It will be shown that each metaphysical point is continuously and sequentially blinking between rest and light speed, which makes the cosmos literally like a digital machine where the physical properties of particles, such as mass and energy, result from averaging these fluctuations that occur in the inner metaphysical level of time and then evolve over the outer physical level.